This year's World Food Day focuses on the link between food security, rural development and migration. How can we work together to close the gaps and ensure that hunger is not a reason for people to leave behind their homes?
CHANGE THE FUTURE OF MIGRATION. INVEST IN FOOD SECURITY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT.
The world is on the move. More people have been forced to flee their homes than at any time since the Second World War due to increased conflict and political instability. But hunger, poverty, and an increase in extreme weather events linked to climate change are other important factors contributing to the migration challenge.
Large movements of people today are presenting complex challenges, which call for global action. Many migrants arrive in developing countries, creating tensions where resources are already scarce, but the majority, about 763 million, move within their own countries rather than abroad.
Rising to the challenge
Three-quarters of the extreme poor base their livelihoods on agriculture or other rural activities. Creating conditions that allow rural people, especially youth, to stay at home when they feel it is safe to do so, and to have more resilient livelihoods, is a crucial component of any plan to tackle the migration challenge.
Rural development can address factors that compel people to move by creating business opportunities and jobs for young people that are not only crop-based (such as small dairy or poultry production, food processing or horticulture enterprises). It can also lead to increased food security, more resilient livelihoods, better access to social protection, reduced conflict over natural resources and solutions to environmental degradation and climate change.
Migration and Zero Hunger
By investing in rural development, the international community can also harness migration’s potential to support development and build the resilience of displaced and host communities, thereby laying the ground for long-term recovery and inclusive and sustainable growth.
Migration is part of the process of development as economies undergo structural transformation and people search for better employment opportunities within and across countries. The challenge is to address the structural drivers of large movements of people to make migration safe, orderly and regular. In this way, migration can contribute to economic growth and improve food security and rural livelihoods, thus advancing countries’ progress in achieving Zero Hunger and the greater 2030 Agenda.
World Food Day
World Food Day (WFD) is a chance to show our commitment to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 – to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030.
FAO celebrates World Food Day each year on 16 October to commemorate the founding of the Organization in 1945. Events are organized in over 150 countries across the world, making it one of the most celebrated days of the UN calendar. These events promote worldwide awareness and action for those who suffer from hunger and for the need to ensure food security and nutritious diets for all.
What can you do?
Help us to spread the word by sharing the material with partners, or holding events in an effort to call people to action and highlight how the global effort to achieve Zero Hunger can address the migration challenge.
Read through the WFD Communications Handbook to get ideas on how to celebrate World Food Day. Check out the WFD workspace to find multimedia materials in several languages, and stay tuned as this year’s promo video and social media clips are uploaded shortly.
We want young people to tell us how food security and rural development can change the future of migration. There are two ways they can do this - design a poster or produce a video on the World Food Day theme. Youngsters can get some inspiration from the WFD 2017 Activity Book.